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The liqueur wine area is located in the Roussillon wine-growing region at the foot of the Pyrenees directly on the Spanish border. It is the southernmost appellation in France. The AOC Collioure is produced from the grapes not used for liqueur wine production, the area of which is congruent with that of Banyuls. The vineyards on steep slopes on the coast facing the Mediterranean cover around 1,400 hectares of vineyards on slate soils in the four municipalities of Banyuls-sur-Mer, Cerbère, Collioure and Port-Vendres. One of the most famous sweet, fortified Vin doux naturel is produced here. Due to the poor soil, there are only very low yields of less than 20 hectolitres per hectare. The grapes reach a high level of ripeness and often shrivel up on the vine like sultanas (roughly comparable to a Trockenbeerenauslese). In some cases, the mash is already sprayed (mutage sur grains), which results in an intensive extraction of the colour and aroma substances.

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