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The liqueur wine area is located in the wine-growing region of Roussillon at the foot of the Pyrenees directly on the Spanish border. It is the southernmost appellation in France. The grapes not used for liqueur wine production are used to produce the AOC Collioure, whose area is congruent with that of Banyuls. The vineyards on steep slopes on the coast facing the Mediterranean Sea cover around 1,400 hectares of vines on slate soils in the four municipalities of Banyuls-sur-Mer, Cerbère, Collioure and Port-Vendres. This is where one of the most famous sweet, fortified vin doux naturel is produced. Due to the poor soil, there are only very low yields of less than 20 hectolitres per hectare. The grapes reach a high degree of ripeness and often shrivel up on the vine like s ultanas (roughly comparable to a Trockenbeerenauslese). In some cases, the mash is already sprayed (mutage sur grains), which causes an intensive extraction of the colour and aroma substances.

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The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,079 Keywords · 46,829 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,413 Pronunciations · 186,975 Cross-references
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