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The red grape variety originates from Italy. Synonyms are Avanà de Susa, Avanà di Susa, Avanale, Avanas, Avanato, Avanè, Avenà, Avenai, Hibou, Hibou Noir, Hivernais, Luisant, Palofrais, Polafrais, Polofrais and Vermaglio. It must not be confused with the Gamay, Eyholzer (Hibou Rouge) or Troyen (Avanà) varieties, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological similarities. DNA analyses carried out in 2001 showed that it is identical to the Hibou Noir in Savoy, as well as a parent-offspring relationship with the Savoy Cacaboué, as well as a relationship with the Valais Amigne apparently. The early-maturing vine is susceptible to powdery mildew. It produces fresh, fruity red wines. The variety is also used as table grape. It was already mentioned in 1606 by the agronomist G. B. Croce under the name Avanato as a variety of the Val di Susa in the province of Turin in Piedmont. It is still cultivated there today and is permitted in the two DOC wines Pinerolese and Valsusa. In 2016, 18 hectares of vines were designated (Kym Anderson).

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Egon Mark

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Egon Mark
Diplom-Sommelier, Weinakademiker und Weinberater, Volders (Österreich)

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