The red grape variety (also Andrea, Semenac A 16-76) is a new variety between Blaufränkisch x St. Laurent. It must not be confused with the table grape Andre. The cross was made in 1960 by Jaroslav Horák in Velke Pavlovice in Czechoslovakia. It was named in honour of the natural scientist Christian Carl André (1763-1831), the founder of the Association for the Promotion of Fruit and Vine Breeding in Brno (Brünn). Plant variety protection was granted in 1980. The Zweigelt variety also originated from the same parents (although the direction of crossing was reversed). André was subsequently a crossing partner in the new varieties Agni and Rubinet. The early-maturing, high-yielding vine is resistant to botrytis and winter frost. The thick-skinned berries yield full-bodied, astringent red wines with blackberry aroma, which are well suited for barrique age ing. In the Czech Republic, the variety is mainly cultivated in Moravia; the area under cultivation covers 261 hectares. In Slovakia, it is cultivated on 211 hectares. There is also a small stand in Germany in the Saale-Unstrut growing region with 5 hectares. In 2010, the variety occupied a total of 477 hectares of vineyards (Kym Anderson).
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