The red grape variety (also Andrea, Semenac A 16-76) is a new variety between Blaufränkisch x St. Laurent. It must not be confused with the table grape Andre. The crossing was made in 1960 by Jaroslav Horák in Velke Pavlovice in Czechoslovakia. It was named in honour of the natural scientist Christian Carl André (1763-1831), the founder of the Association for the Promotion of Fruit and Vine Growing in Brno. Plant variety protection was granted in 1980. The Zweigelt variety was created with the same parents (but in the opposite direction of crossing). André was subsequently a cross-breeding partner in the new Agni and Rubinet varieties.
The early-ripening, high-yielding vine is resistant to botrytis and winter frost. The thick-skinned berries produce full-bodied, astringent red wines with blackberry aromas, which are well suited for barrique ageing. The variety is cultivated in the Czech Republic mainly in Moravia; the area under cultivation covers 261 hectares. In Slovakia it is cultivated on 211 hectares. There is also a small population in Germany in the Saale-Unstrut cultivation area with 5 hectares. In 2010, the variety occupied a total of 477 hectares of vineyards (Kym Anderson).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Picture: Antes wine growing service