The red grape variety originates from historic Lower Styria in what is now north-eastern Slovenia. There are about 120 synonyms indicating great age and wide distribution. Some grouped alphabetically by country are Gamé(Bulgaria); Blauer Lemberger, Blauer Limberger, Blaufranchis, Hartig 353, Lemberger, Limberger (Germany); Franconien Bleu, Franconien Noir, Franconim Noir, Limberger Noir, Limberqer (France); Franconia, Franconia Nera, Franconia Nero (Italy); Borgonja, Frankovka, Frankovka Cerna, Frankovka Crna, Frankovka Modrá(Croatia); Burgundy, Early Black, Early Black, Great Burgundy, Karmazin, Moravian, Moravian Black, Moravian Black Karmazin, Moravian Grape, Black Franconian, Black Franconian, Black Grobe (Austria); Borgona (Peru); Burgundy Mare (Romania); Sura Lisicina (Serbia); Frankovka Modrá (Slovakia); Modra Frankinja (Slovenia); Frankovka (Czech Republic); Kékfrankos, Nagyburgundi, Szeleslevelü,(Hungary), Blue Franc, Blue French, Lemberger, Limberger Black, The Wide-Leafed (USA).
The glossary is a monumental achievement and one of the most important contributions to wine knowledge. Of all the encyclopaedias I use on the subject of wine, it is by far the most important. That was the case ten years ago and it hasn't changed since.Andreas Essl