Besides soil type, grape varieties and the winemaker's art, the climate has a decisive influence on wine quality. Wines reflect, sometimes to a considerable extent, the weather-related characteristics of a year, which are often very specific. In this context, one speaks of vintage-related typicality; for example, wines can have a " vintage-typical botrytis note" or a "roasted note" due to periods of heat. In warm growing regions, the fluctuations are usually not as strong and the deviations are therefore smaller. In contrast, in cooler growing regions the weather-related differences can be considerable. This applies, for example, to the Italian regions of Piedmont and Tuscany, in Austria the wine-growing region of Wachau and the wine-growing regions in the province of Styria, the German wine-growing region of Mosel, as well as the French regions of Burgundy, Bordeaux, Alsace and Loire.