One of the eight specific wine growing areas in the Austrian province or generic wine growing area of Lower Austria. It is crossed by the Danube, on whose northern bank slopes many of the most terraced vineyards are located. The partly very steep vineyards are among the steepest vineyards in Austria. The narrow valley along the Danube is only 33 kilometres long, the wine growing area 15 kilometres long. The gate to the west is formed by the Benedictine monastery of Melk (since 1089), in the east it is bordered by the more than 1,000 year old city of Krems. In the 5th century, the monk Severinus (410-482) lived near Favianis (Mautern) in the middle of vineyards, which is evidence of viticulture. The English King Richard the Lionheart (1157-1199) was killed near Vienna was captured and held at Dürnstein Castle.