The red grape variety comes from Italy. Synonyms are Cunaiola, Freisone, Lambrusca and Lambruschino. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2006, there is a parent-offspring relationship with the almost extinct Piedmontese variety Neretto di Marengo. The late maturing vine is resistant to botrytis. It produces colourful, tannic red wines with a relatively high content of health-promoting resveratrol and spicy aromas. The variety was formerly widespread in Piedmont. According to old reports, the wine was also often served as a fortified wine for sick people. In the 19th century it was used mainly as a teinturier (dyer's grape) or for the production of passito from dried grapes. The almost extinct variety was discovered by Mariuccia Borio of the Cascina Castlet winery in the mid-1980s and has been re-approved since 2002. In 2010, however, only one hectare was designated in the province of Asti (Kym Anderson).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: M.I.P.A.A.F - National Vine Certification Service