The red grape variety comes from Italy. Synonyms are Avellinese, Cascolo, Cascolone, Crovina, Livella di Battipaglia, Livella Nera, Olivella Negra, Olivella Nera, Olivella Nostrana, Sancinoso, Sancinosa, Sanginoso, Sangionoso, Sanguinosa, Sarcinosa, Sciascinuso, Uva Olivella, Uva Olivella Verace and Vulivella. It must not be confused with the varieties Livella d'Ischia or Livella di Mirabella, despite the fact that the synonyms appear to indicate this. According to one hypothesis, the synonym Olivella Nera could be a descendant of the ancient grape variety Vitis oleaginea mentioned by Columella (+70 A.D.) and Pliny the Elder (23-79 A.D.).
This late-maturing, high-yielding vine is susceptible to botrytis and downy mildew. It produces dark-coloured rather simple red wines, often blended with Aglianico and Piedirosso. The variety is grown in Campania mainly in the provinces of Avellino, Benevenro, Caserta and Salerno, and in Lazio in the province of Frosisone. It is authorised in the DOC wines Campi Flegrei, Irpinia, Penisola Sorrentina, Sannio and Vesuvio. The area under cultivation in 2010 was 94 hectares, with a strong downward trend (Kym Anderson).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: M.I.P.A.A.F - National Vine Certification Service