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Resins

Complex mixtures of organic substances with glassy or solid-liquid properties. Resins that remain liquid after release are called balsam, hot hard resins (resins in the narrow sense) that harden in the air through the release of substances. The usually intense and pleasant balsamic odour is caused by numerous essential oils, for example terpenes. Various resins, such as myrrh, were therefore already used in ancient times to flavour wine and other drinks.

Retsina

Probably the best-known resin-flavoured wine is Greek retsina. Resin from the mastic tree is added to the Greek spirit ouzo. The Greek historian Herodotus (482-425 BC) reported that the Greeks chewed the dried resinous liquid that dripped from the bark of the mastic tree (as chewing gum, so to speak).

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