You are using an old browser that may not function as expected.
For a better, safer browsing experience, please upgrade your browser.

Log in Become a Member


Complex mixtures of organic substances with glassy or solid-liquid properties. Resins that remain liquid after release are called balsam, hot hard resins (resins in the narrow sense) that harden in the air through the release of substances. The usually intense and pleasant balsamic odour is caused by numerous essential oils, for example terpenes. Various resins, such as myrrh, were therefore already used in ancient times to flavour wine and other drinks.


Probably the best-known resin-flavoured wine is Greek retsina. Resin from the mastic tree is added to the Greek spirit ouzo. The Greek historian Herodotus (482-425 BC) reported that the Greeks chewed the dried resinous liquid that dripped from the bark of the mastic tree (as chewing gum, so to speak).

Voices of our members

Roman Horvath MW

wein.plus is a handy, efficient guide to a quick overview of the colourful world of wines, winegrowers and grape varieties. In Wine lexicon, the most comprehensive of its kind in the world, you will find around 26,000 keywords on the subject of grape varieties, wineries, wine-growing regions and much more.

Roman Horvath MW
Domäne Wachau (Wachau)

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,424 Keywords · 47,030 Synonyms · 5,321 Translations · 31,757 Pronunciations · 207,492 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon