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Pruning

Important factor in the yield and quality of a wine. Without pruning, the vine would proliferate uncontrollably, building new canes from the buds of each previous year's shoot each year, spreading out in tiers while the lower canes became woody. Since grapes are only ever formed on one-year-old wood, pruning ensures a balance (physiological equilibrium) between yield (generative growth) and growth (vegetative growth) without producing too much old, unproductive wood. The choice of the appropriate method depends on the soil type (fertile-barren), the training (single vine, wire frame, pergola), climate (moist-dry), grape variety (fertility, tendency to trickle), rootstock, and specific local conditions.

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