One of the six communes (along with Listrac-Médoc, Margaux, Moulis, Saint-Estèphe and Saint-Julien) within the French Haut-Médoc area that are independent appellations and are allowed to bear the commune name on the label. Pauillac is the best known of these and lies between Saint-Estèphe and Saint-Julien. Here, sulphurisation of the wine in the barrel was introduced as early as the 18th century, following the Dutch example, to prevent secondary fermentation. The town of Pauillac, situated on the Gironde estuary, is rightly considered the wine capital of the Médoc; it was from this port that Marquis de Lafayette (1757-1834) set sail to join the American rebels and actively fight there.
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