One of the six communes (in addition to Listrac-Médoc, Margaux, Moulis, Saint-Estèphe and Saint-Julien) within the French Haut-Médoc area which are independent appellations and are allowed to bear the commune name on the label. Pauillac is the best known of these and is located between Saint-Estèphe and Saint-Julien. It was here, in the 18th century, that the sulphurization of wine in barrels was introduced, following the Dutch example, to prevent secondary fermentation. The town of Pauillac, situated at the mouth of the Gironde estuary, is rightly considered the wine capital of the Médoc. It was from this port that Marquis de Lafayette (1757-1834) set sail to join the American rebels and to fight actively.