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The Sumerians in Mesopotamia were already using scroll seals for labelling wine vessels 6,000 years ago. These were stone cylinders two to eight centimetres long and two centimetres thick. The inscription or images on them could be rolled onto soft clay. This was mainly information about the origin of the wine it contained. The Greeks and Romans attached small signs with information to the amphorae or carved information directly into the amphorae. Such tags were still used on wine vessels in the Middle Ages. Of course, fraudulent intentions were easily possible by "rehanging" them. Important information about the wine, such as the vintage or a producer's mark, was also applied to the cork by means of cork branding.

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Egon Mark

For me, Lexicon from wein.plus is the most comprehensive and best source of information about wine currently available.

Egon Mark
Diplom-Sommelier, Weinakademiker und Weinberater, Volders (Österreich)

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,386 Keywords · 46,992 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,720 Pronunciations · 203,030 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon