One of the six famous communes (in addition to Listrac-Médoc, Margaux, Moulis, Pauillac and Saint-Estèphe) within the French Haut-Médoc region, which are own appellations and are allowed to use the commune name on the bottle label. The neighbouring municipality of Beychevelle is also part of the municipal appellation, with around 900 hectares of vineyards. A special feature is that there is a 16-hectare enclave in the commune whose wines are entitled to bear the Pauillac designation of origin. Also worth mentioning is the fact that historically the famous Château Latour (Pauillac) would actually belong to Saint-Julien. The soils consist of a thin layer of gravel with sandy loess on an iron-rich subsoil with marl and gravel.
This is where eleven of the 61 châteaux (covering 85% of the commune's surface area) are located, which were included in the list of the most expensive and highest quality wines in the famous and still significant Bordeaux classification of 1855. These are the five Deuxièmes (2nd place) Château Ducru-Beaucaillou, Château Gruaud-Larose, Château Léoville-Barton, Château Léoville-Las-Cases and Château Léoville-Poyferré, the two Troisièmes (3rd place) Château Ducru-Beaucaillou and Château Gruaud-Larose. Château Lagrange and Château Langoa-Barton, as well as the four Quatrièmes (4th rank) Château Beychevelle, Château Branaire-Ducru, Château Saint-Pierre and Château Talbot (see a list of all 61 wineries under Médoc).
The Château Léoville-Las-Cases is one of the "super-seconds" which, according to experts, would easily achieve the Premier Cru Classé with a (theoretically) new classification. There are also Cru Bourgeois wineries such as Château Bel-Air, Château du Glana and Château Gloria, as well as many classified as Cru Artisan. The tannin-rich, long-lasting red wines are in a style between those from Margaux (or Finesse) and Pauillac (or Full-bodied); they are characterised by a consistently high quality throughout the range.
From Domenico-de-ga from Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link
Changes from the original by Norbert Tischelmayer 2017