In France, the new designation AOP is valid for the highest wine quality level "wines with protected origin". The reason for this was the new EU wine market regulation that came into effect in August 2009. This means that an origin-controlled quality system is now mandatory throughout the EU, which divides the wines into two classes, namely without and with indication of origin. However, the old designation AOC may continue to be used. The category VDQS (Vin Délimité de Qualité Supérieure), which was introduced in 1949 and had been regarded as an AOC preliminary stage, was deleted without replacement. The production conditions must be prepared according to AOP standards and the connection to the terroir must be proven. Only then is an upgrading to AOP possible.