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The "Institut National de l'Origine et de la qualité" (National Institute for Origin and Quality) is a state institution in France with its headquarters in Paris, which is subordinate to the Ministry of Agriculture (but the acronym is also interpreted as "Institut National des Appellations d'Origine des Vins et Eaux-de-Vie"). It is responsible for the supervision of food produced in the mother country. For this purpose, standards were developed that guarantee the origin and quality to the consumer through appropriate labelling. Wine, brandy(Armagnac and Cognac) and various foodstuffs (cheese, meat, vegetables, etc.) are included in this quality assurance. This concerns the following labels or quality classes:

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