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World-famous dessert wine from Portugal, which, as "Vinho do Porto" or simply "Porto", is not named after its region of origin, the Douro, but after the port city Porto, from where it is shipped. The English were instrumental in its creation in connection with their trade wars with France. In the 17th century, the import of French wines to England was forbidden for a time and then burdened with high customs duties. This led to a shortage in supply. In 1678, a wine merchant from Liverpool sent his two sons to Viano do Castello near the town of Porto, to buy wine. In Lamego they came to a monastery where the abbot offered them a wine they were delighted with. The priest told them the secret of why this wine was so pleasantly sweet and smooth, namely by infusing it with brandy, i.e. sprite during fermentation. The two then bought up the entire supply, sent the cargo to England and the triumphal march of the port wine, initially called "Red Portugal", began.

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The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

25,898 Keywords · 46,878 Synonyms · 5,330 Translations · 31,235 Pronunciations · 179,529 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon

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