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World-famous dessert wine from Portugal, called "Vinho do Porto" or simply "Porto" not after its Douro region of origin, but after the port city Porto from where it is shipped. The English were instrumental in its creation in connection with their trade wars with France. In the 17th century, the import of French wines to England was forbidden for a time and then burdened with high customs duties. This led to a shortage in supply. In 1678, a wine merchant from Liverpool sent his two sons to Viano do Castello near the town of Porto, to buy wine. In Lamego they came to a monastery where the abbot offered them a wine they were delighted with. The priest told them the secret of why this wine was so pleasantly sweet and smooth, namely by infusing it with brandy, i.e. sprite during fermentation. Thereupon the two bought up the entire supply, sent the cargo to England and the triumphal procession of the port wine, initially called "Red Portugal", began.

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