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Port wine

World-famous dessert wine from Portugal, which is called "Vinho do Porto" or simply "Porto" and is not named after its region of origin Douro, but after the port city of Porto, from where it is shipped. The English played a decisive role in its creation in connection with their trade wars with France. In the 17th century, the import of French wines to England was forbidden for a time and then burdened with high customs duties. This led to a bottleneck in the supply. In 1678 a wine merchant from Liverpool sent his two sons to Viano do Castello near the city of Porto to buy wine. In Lamego they were taken to a monastery where the abbot served them a wine that they were delighted with. The clergyman told them the secret of why this wine was so pleasantly sweet and soft, namely by infusing it with brandy, i.e. sprit during fermentation. Thereupon the two of them bought up the entire stock, sent the cargo to England and the triumphal march of the port wine, initially called "Red Portugal", began.

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