The red grape variety is an American wild vine of the species Vitis lincecumii, which was selected by the Swiss-born breeder Hermann Jaeger (1844-1895) in the USA. It is an all-female grape variety. The vine has a good resistance to phylloxera. Jaeger used it for this reason in many new cult ivars, including the America, Kiowa, Longworth, Munson and Waubeck varieties. See also under vine systematics.