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Wild vines

Term for natural occurrences of vines that have developed as species (types) and subspecies (subspecies) in the course of the long history of evolution. However, wild vines should not be confused with the vine genera referred to as wild wine. The artareas reflect the climate and vegetation history of the respective settlement areas and provide information about the adaptability of the species. Where the areas of different species overlap, viable natural hybrids could be formed by natural crossing. Based on the numerous finds of fossil seeds, wood remains and leaf imprints, it is considered proven that wild pre-forms of grapevines existed already at the end of the Cretaceous (Early Eocene) and in the early Quaternary (Oligocene), i.e. about 60 to 80 million years ago. The ice ages (100,000 to 10,000 years before today) pushed the wild vines native to Central Europe back into the Mediterranean and the lowlands of the then non-existent Black Sea and Central Asia.

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