The Greek island (also Kefallinia, Kephallonia, Zephalonia) is the largest of the Ionian archipelago and covers over 900 km² with some side islands. The main town is Argostolion. Wine was grown here as early as Homer's time (8th century BC). In the course of its history, the island has been under the rule of the Romans, Franks, Turks, Venetians, French and English. In 1953, there was a major earthquake and almost half the population left the island. In the 1980s, phylloxera appeared here for the first time and caused major problems. At an altitude of 250 to 800 m above sea level, mainly autochthonous grape varieties are cultivated on barren, stony limestone soils. The most common is Robola, others are Thiniatiko (Mavrodaphne), Moschato Aspro (Muscat Blanc), Perahoritiko (Savatiano), Tsaoussi and Zakynthino. There are three POP appellations.