Département in the south of France on the Mediterranean coast with the capital Nîmes in the political region of Occitania. It was named after the river Gard, a tributary of the Rhône, and lies between the départements of Hérault (west) and Vaucluse (east). The département is geologically divided into four zones. These are the Cévennes in the north-west, the scrublands in the centre, the Costières in the south-east and the lowlands in the south consisting of the Rhône valley and the Mediterranean coastal plain. The climate is Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and autumns with intense rainfall and the cold and dreaded fall wind Mistral. Gard is divided into the two regions Languedoc and Rhône according to wine law. The AOC areas:
The regional wine or IGP area covering the entire département is called Gard. There are also the local IGP areas of Cévennes, Coteaux du Pont du Gard, Duché d'Uzès and Sable de Camargue (formerly Vin de pays Sables du Golfe du Lion), as well as the huge supra-regional IGP area of Pays d'Oc. Red wines are produced at 80% and rosé and white wines at 10% each. As a speciality there is also a light rosé version Gris de gris. The most important red wine varieties are Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan Noir(Mazuelo), Merlot, Grenache Noir(Garnacha Tinta), Cinsault, Mourvèdre(Monastrell), Pinot Noir and Syrah. The most important white wine varieties are Grenache Blanc(Garnacha Blanca), Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Rolle(Vermentino), Viognier and Clairette.