The northern part of the Languedoc-Roussillon region in the deep south of France on the Mediterranean coast. From north to southwest it comprises the three départements of Gard, Hérault and Aude. The much smaller Roussillon in the Département Pyrénées-Orientales is connected to the west, the wine-growing regions Provence and Rhône to the east. The name is derived from "langue d'oc", which means "language of the Oc" (oc = yes). This Occitan language was spoken in the Middle Ages south of the Loire; north of the Loire they spoke "langue d'oil" (from "oil" developed "oui"). The regions Languedoc-Roussillon and Midi-Pyrénées were merged in 2016 to form the new political region Occitanie. Long before the much more famous champagne, a sparkling wine was produced here, the present Blanquette de Limoux. A special form of a strong, sweet vin de liqueur in Languedoc is the Cartagène. Until the 1980s, the Languedoc had the reputation of a mainly cheap mass wine producing region. From the beginning of the 1990s, there were grubbing-up programmes supported by the EU. This led to an extremely strong reduction of the vineyards within ten years.