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The northern part of the Languedoc-Roussillon area in the deep south of France on the Mediterranean coast. It includes, from north to southwest, the three départements of Gard, Hérault and Aude. The much smaller Roussillon in the département of Pyrénées-Orientales connects to the west, and the wine-growing regions of Provence and Rhône to the east. The name derives from "langue d'oc", which means "language of the Oc" (oc = yes). This Occitan language was spoken south of the Loire in the Middle Ages; to the north, "langue d'oil" was spoken ("oil" developed into "oui"). The regions of Languedoc-Roussillon and Midi-Pyrénées were merged in 2016 to form the new political region of Occitanie. Long before the much more famous Champagne, a sparkling wine was produced here, today's Blanquette de Limoux. A special form of a high-alcohol, sweet vin de liqueur in the Languedoc is the Cartagène. Until the 1980s, the Languedoc had a reputation as a wine-growing region that mainly produced cheap mass wine. From the beginning of the 1990s, there were EU-sponsored grubbing-up programmes. This led to an extremely strong reduction of the vineyards in only 10 years.

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The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,079 Keywords · 46,829 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,413 Pronunciations · 186,886 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon