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A dark sweet wine from Cyprus, already known in ancient times, which is still one of the most famous wines of the island. As early as the 8th century BC, the Greek poet Hesiod (~750-680 BC) described a sweet wine made from sun-dried grapes as "Nama". He writes that the grapes were sun-dried for ten days and nights, then left in the shade for another five days and then fermented into wine in jugs. The English King Richard the Lionheart (1157-1199) conquered Cyprus during the Third Crusade in 1191. At the wedding with Berengaria (1165-1230), a sweet wine was thus served, which is considered the forerunner of Commandaria and was expressly praised by the king.

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