The red grape variety originates from Austria. There are 40 synonyms, the most important being Blauer Greutler, Blauer Kracher, Blauer Kräutler, Dioljak, Echter Blauer Wildbacher, Großes Mauserl, Mali Zherni, Mauserl, Melbertraube, Mittelblauer, Schilcher, Schilchertraube, Schillertraube, Schlehenblauer, Vranek and Wildbacher. According to an unverifiable hypothesis, the Celts are said to have already pressed a wine from the wild grape in the area of today's Styria in 400 BC. In the 19th century, some ampelographers suspected that it was domesticated directly from wild gra pevines. The ampelographer Franz Xaver Trummer (1800-1858), in turn, determined bird grape as the ancestor in 1841. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2018, it originates from a presumably natural cross between an unknown variety x Heunisch (Gouais Blanc). It was also found that there is a parent-offspring relationship with the almost extinct variety Spätblauer Wildbacher. A variety Willbacher discovered in the German cultivation area Hessische Bergstraße is not identical.
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