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Black Defiance

The red grape variety (also Underhill 8-8) is an interspecific new breeding between Concord x Black Prince. The Black Eagle variety was also created with the same parents. It contains genes from Vitis labrusca and Vitis vinifera. The hybrid was crossed in 1866 in the USA by the breeder Stephen W. Underhill. In the course of the phylloxera catastrophe it reached Europe and was also cultivated in Austria from the beginning of the 20th century as a direct carrier without grafting. It is mainly used as table grape. No stocks were reported in 2016 (Kym Anderson).

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