Form of production for the production of grapes and wine. Measures of biological or integrated plant protection are applied in a very strict form. Bioenergetic viticulture is also understood as a further development of similarly oriented biodynamic viticulture based on individual methods (e.g. moon phases and planetary positions). However, both forms of production are quite often combined and considered as a unit. Bioenergetics is a field of biology, ecology, biophysics and biochemistry that deals with energy transformations. In a narrower sense, it is the science of energy supply and the energy balance of living cells.
The glossary is a monumental achievement and one of the most important contributions to wine knowledge. Of all the encyclopaedias I use on the subject of wine, it is by far the most important. That was the case ten years ago and it hasn't changed since.Andreas Essl