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Biodynamic viticulture

Also called biodynamic viticulture, this is a form of production for making grapes and wine (principles and general information are described under organic viticulture, the study of which is also recommended as an introduction to the complex subject). It goes back to the Austrian anthroposophist Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925). The latter studied mathematics, natural sciences, philosophy, literature and history in Wien. In the 1920s, Steiner established rules for "biodynamic farming" to make agriculture thrive and propagated them through numerous lectures. The core statement of his philosophy is that a plant's illness is the sign of a naturally disturbed balance and is due to the use of chemical aids in fertilisation. Initially, biodynamics developed in agriculture and horticulture; viticulture came later.

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