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Moon phases

Planning certain agricultural activities, such as sowing, tilling and harvesting, according to the lunar calendar, or carrying them out at very specific lunar phases and planetary constellations, was already recommended by various authors in antiquity. A waxing moon was associated with growth, a waning moon with pruning and harvesting. Wine harvested at waxing moon was considered less durable than that harvested at waning moon. The clergyman Johann Rasch (1540-1612) from Austria also deals with this subject in detail in his famous standard work "Weinbuch: Von Baw, Pfleg und Brauch des Weins". The Palatine vineyard owner and viticultural historian Armand Emil Friedrich von Bassermann-Jordan (1872-1959) refers in this context to the Württemberg vine ordinance of 1614 in his standard work "The History of Viticulture" published in 1909. There, the observance of the phases of the moon in the vineyard according to ancient models is expressly recommended. Among other things, "(new vines) should be planted three shoes high and at the right depth when the moon is waning". In Baden, according to the "Herbst- und Rebbauordnung 1764" (Autumn and Vineyard Regulations 1764), pruning could only be carried out when the moon was waning.

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