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Ancient landscape between the mountains of Armenia, present-day Iran (Persia) and the Syrian-Arabian desert. Today's Jordan, Lebanon and Syria in the Middle East were part of the immediate sphere of influence. The area included the north-east of Mesopotamia and the north of present-day Iraq. The entire area had significant influence on the development of viticulture and wine culture. In the 17th century BC, Assyria won independence against the Babylonian King Hammurabi (1728-1686 BC), and the capital was Assur. King Salmanassar I (1274-1245) conquered Babylonia, extended Assyrian rule to all of Mesopotamia and founded the city of Kalhu near present-day Nimrud in northern Iraq around 1250 B.C. Under Assurnasirpal II (884-858), Kalhu was made the capital. Clay tablets have been found in what is now a ruined site, listing the wine rations for the ruler's household of 6,000 people - the higher the hierarchical rank, the greater the ration and quality.

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Thorsten Rahn

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Thorsten Rahn
Restaurantleiter, Sommelier, Weindozent und Autor; Dresden

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,114 Keywords · 46,882 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,448 Pronunciations · 188,179 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon