Ancient landscape between the mountains of Armenia, present-day Iran (Persia) and the Syrian-Arabian desert. Today's Jordan, Lebanon and Syria in the Middle East were part of the immediate sphere of influence. The area included the north-east of Mesopotamia and the north of present-day Iraq. The entire area had significant influence on the development of viticulture and wine culture. In the 17th century BC, Assyria won independence against the Babylonian King Hammurabi (1728-1686 BC), and the capital was Assur. King Salmanassar I (1274-1245) conquered Babylonia, extended Assyrian rule to all of Mesopotamia and founded the city of Kalhu near present-day Nimrud in northern Iraq around 1250 B.C. Under Assurnasirpal II (884-858), Kalhu was made the capital. Clay tablets have been found in what is now a ruined site, listing the wine rations for the ruler's household of 6,000 people - the higher the hierarchical rank, the greater the ration and quality.
The Wine lexicon helps me to stay up to date and refresh my knowledge. Thank you for this Lexicon that will never end in terms of topicality! That's what makes it so exciting to visit more often.Thorsten Rahn
Restaurantleiter, Sommelier, Weindozent und Autor; Dresden