The red grape variety originates from Slovenia or the old Austria (Habsburg monarchy). There are about 100 synonyms that indicate a great age and (formerly) wide distribution. Some of them are Bela Ranfolina, Beggar's Grape, Blauer Hainer, Blauer Kölner(second main name), Baluer Luttenberger, Bleu de Cologne, Cernia, Cernina, Cernina Velka, Colognese Bleu, Columella Parientalis, Frankenthaler, Grobschwarze, Gros Bleu, Grossmilcher, Kapcina, Karcina Grosskölner, Kavčina Crna, Kölner Blau, Kölni Kék, Kosavina, Modra Kavčina, Plava Velica, Schwarzer Muskateller, Vranik, Žametasta Črnina and Žametna Črnina. In an ampelographic work from 1820, there is documentary evidence of cultivation in Styria, although at that time today's Slovenia also belonged to the Habsburg Empire. Today, however, it no longer plays a role in Austria. In the vine museum of the Leth Franz winery (Fels am Wagram, Lower Austria) there are a few vines under the name Beggar's Grape. There were also colour mutations. The late-ripening vine is sensitive to frost. It yields red wines with high acidity, especially for blends. However, it is also used as a table grape and ornamental vine.