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Tajikistan

The Republic of Tajikistan (Tajik Тоҷикистон Todschikiston) in Central Asia with its capital Dushanbe covers 143,100 km². The former USSR state became independent in 1991 after the collapse of the Soviet Union. It borders Afghanistan to the south, Uzbekistan to the west, Kyrgyzstan to the north and China to the east.

Tadschikistan - Landkarte, Flagge und Wappen

History

There is evidence of viticulture in this country as early as the 4th century BC, when it was part of the empire of Alexander the Great. In the 8th century, Islam reached the region, which led to a change in the grape varieties due to the associated ban on alcohol. Table grapes and sultana grapes were now favoured. During the Middle Ages, Tajikistan belonged to the Persian Empire. In 1868, Tajikistan became a colony of Russia. During the USSR era in the 1920s, the small estates were merged into large collective farms and large-scale wine production was started. Wineries were built in the cities of Khujand (Leninabod), Punjakent and Qurghonteppa (Kurgan-Tyube).

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