The former USSR state with its capital Tashkent is located in the heart of Central Asia. It borders Kazakhstan to the north, Kyrgyzstan to the northeast, Tajikistan to the southeast, Afghanistan to the south and Turkmenistan to the southwest. Uzbekistan has an ancient wine-growing or wine-making culture. In the Ferghana Valley (Fargʻona vodiysi in Uzbek), grapes were grown as early as the 6th century BC and were delivered to the Chinese Empire. This is proven by cultivated grape seeds from the 5th century BC found near the city of Samarkand. Towards the end of the 7th century AD, the Arabs conquered the country and the viticulture that had flourished until then was converted to the production of table gra pes and sultanas due to the religiously based ban on alcohol. This still accounts for a large share of production today, more than half of the varieties (especially Kishmish = Sultana) are used for this purpose.
Serious sources on the internet are rare - and Wine lexicon from wein.plus is one such source. When researching for my articles, I regularly consult the wein.plus encyclopaedia. There I get reliable and detailed information.Thomas Götz
Weinberater, Weinblogger und Journalist; Schwendi