Name (lat. for bucket) for a metal vessel type of the Bronze and Early Iron Age in the Etruscan-Italian area as well as in the Hallstatt Culture. A situla is slightly conical (narrowing towards the bottom) with a flat base, made of sheet bronze, about 25 to 30 centimetres high and fitted with a handle. This gives a volume of about 8 to 12 litres of liquid (filling quantity of a bucket in use today). It is often decorated with a chased figural relief. The decoration mostly depicted people, for example in drinking scenes, warrior processions, as fist fighters, musicians or charioteers. Important examples are the situlas from Vače (Slovenia), Cerveteri (Latium, Italy), Welzelach (East Tyrol, Austria) and Kuffern (Lower Austria), all dating from around 500 BC.
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