The white grape variety most likely originates from Austria. Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Cimarossa; Rothgipfler Blanc(France); Slatki Zelenac, Zelenac Slatki, Zelenac Slatki Bijela(Croatia); Grober Reifler, Grüner Reifler, Raifler, Reifler, Rothgipfler, Rothreifler, Rotreifler, Rotstreifler, Weißer Reifler, Weißer Rotgipfler(Austria); Slatzki Zelenac(Slovakia); Vöröshegyi, Vöröshegyü, Vörösrangii(Hungary). The name is derived from the bronze-red tips of the shoots, but this characteristic also applies to other grape varieties.
According to DNA analyses carried out by Dr. Ferdinand Regner in Klosterneuburg in 2000, this is a presumably natural cross between Traminer (Savagnin Blanc) and Roter Veltliner. Thus, genes from Pinot are also present via the mother variety. By the way, the autochthonous Austrian variety Zierfandler has the same origin. The probably very old variety was first mentioned in a document in 1840 in the Austrian province of Styria. It was a cross-breeding partner of the new breed Frühgipfler.
The medium to late-maturing, high-yielding vine is sensitive to frost, susceptible to botrytis and powdery mildew, and especially to downy mildew. It produces white wines rich in extract and alcohol, golden yellow in colour with aromas of peach and apricot and pleasant acidity. The variety is grown almost exclusively in the Thermenregion (Lower Austria) wine growing region. In 2009 the area under cultivation was 105 hectares. There it is mainly used as a partner of the Zierfandler in the local special cuvée Spätrot-Rotgipfler. Rotgipfler is also present in smaller quantities in Germany (Baden, Württemberg), in France (Alsace), as well as in Hungary, Croatia and Slovenia.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)