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Piedirosso

The red grape variety originates from Italy; the name means "red foot" and derives from the red wood of the vine trunk. Synonyms are Palombina, Palombina Nera, Palumbina, Palumbina Nera, Palumbo, Palummina, Palummina Nera, Perepalummo, Piede Colombo (engl. "Pigeon's Foot"), Piede di Colombo, Piede di Colombo Gentile, Piede Palumbo, Per'e Palummo, Senese Rosso and Streppa Verde. It must not be confused with the varieties Piedirosso Avellinese, Piedirosso Beneventano or Piedirosso Napoletano, which are no longer cultivated. According to an unverifiable hypothesis, the Piedirosso variety mentioned by Pliny the Elder (23-79) under the name "Columbina Purpurea" is said to have been an ancestor. The very old variety was mentioned as Palombina in the 16th century, but under its present name only in 1905. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2013, it is a presumably natural cross between Tintora x unknown variety. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see molecular genetics).

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