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single vineyard in the municipality of Forst (Mittelhaardt-Deutsche Weinstraße area) in the German wine-growing region of Pfalz. The name refers to the black-coloured volcanic rock basalt, which rose from the earth's interior as liquid magma about 40 million years ago. The basalt stones on the surface date back to a form of soil improvement common in the 19th century. At that time, gravel extracted from a basalt quarry a few 100 m away was brought into the ground. The south to east facing vineyard at 120 to 160 metres above sea level with a slope of 10 to 15% covers 17 hectares of vines on red sandstone weathered soils with sandy loam and basalt rubble on the surface and basalt veins in the subsoil. Riesling is the main variety cultivated here. The Acham-Magin, Bassermann-Jordan, Biffar Josef, Dr. Bürklin-Wolf, Kimich, Lucashof, Margarethenhof, Mosbacher Georg, Müller Eugen, Reichsrat von Buhl, Schaefer Karl, Spindler Heinrich, Villa Wolf and Weingut von Winning wineries, for example, have shares in the site.

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Andreas Essl
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The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

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