The production area is located in the federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany. The vineyards cover 23,554 hectares, making it the second largest German wine-growing region after Rheinhessen. Until 1995 it was called Rheinpfalz, the current name (lat. Palatium = palace) derives from the Palatines of the Holy Roman Empire, who resided in the city of Heidelberg from the 13th to the middle of the 18th century. The first evidence of viticulture can be found in Celtic graves as early as 550 BC, long before the Romans, in Laumersheim and Bad Dürkheim. After the retreat of the Romans from this area, viticulture was revived in the 7th century with the advent of the monasteries. In the 8th century more than a hundred wine-growing villages are already mentioned. In the 12th and 13th century the first vineyard names appeared in this area, some of which have been preserved in the individual vineyard names until today.