In 905 King Sancho I founded his own kingdom of Navarre (Basque Nafarroa) with the capital Pamplona. In its heyday under Sancho III. (990-1035) it reached on both sides of the Pyrenees from Barcelona to Bordeaux. The first inhabitants were the Basques, whose influences can still be felt today. The Count of Champagne Thibaut I inherited the kingdom in 1234, after which it was administered by several French ruling lines. In 1512, the greater part of Upper Navarre, south of the Pyrenees, was annexed by Ferdinand II of Aragon and thus Spanish. The son of the Queen of Navarre, Joanna, ascended the French throne in 1589 as King Henri IV (1553-1610) and incorporated the northern part into the Kingdom of France in 1607. The area has a very old winegrowing tradition. Near the village of Funes, an ancient Roman cellar with a capacity of about 75,000 litres was found.
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Diplom-Sommelier, Weinakademiker und Weinberater, Volders (Österreich)