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Animals can cause great damage to the vineyard by eating and contaminating the grapes, damaging parts of the vine (roots, stem, shoots, foliage) and transmitting diseases through various micro-organisms such as bacteria and viruses. Pests are various beetles and their larvae, butterflies and their caterpillars, aphids, snails, harmful birds, as well as vertebrates such as gophers, hares, deer, kangaroos, rabbits, rats, roe deer, wild boars and voles. However, many insects also appear as beneficial insects and some are used specifically as predators in the vineyard to control other insects.

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