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The Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian ايران), colloquially and before 1935 at international level also Persia) in the Near East with the capital Tehran covers 1,648,195 km². It borders Iraq, Turkey, Azerbaijan and Armenia to the west and north-west, Turkmenistan to the north-east and east, and Afghanistan and Pakistan to the east and south-east. Iran is bordered to the north by the Caspian Sea and to the south by the Persian Gulf. The Islamic Republic was founded in 1979 following the flight of Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi (1919-1980) into exile and the return of Ayatollah Khomeini (1902-1989) from exile in France. The latter was head of state until his death.

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Hans-Georg Schwarz
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The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,343 Keywords · 46,933 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,677 Pronunciations · 199,071 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon