In ancient times, a large part of Persia belonged to Mesopotamia, where, among other things, the origin of the cultivated vine and viticulture is assumed. There is a beautiful legend about the "invention of wine" in the time of the legendary Persian king Jemshid, who lived around 2,500 years BC. According to the Greek historian Herodotus (482-425 BC) and later confirmed by Strabo, intoxication was deliberately used to pass judgement on important issues during the Achaimenid dynasty (559-331 BC). The decisions taken had to be confirmed in a sober state. This also applied vice versa, because decisions made in a sober state were reaffirmed in drunkenness. At that time there were also fixed rations for the population depending on the occasion. For example, women who had given birth to a son received ten litres of wine, but only five if they had a daughter. Even the royal horses and camels were allotted beer and wine. The working population received fixed monthly rations of wine, men 20 to 30 and women 10 litres.
I have great respect for the scope and quality of the wein.plus encyclopaedia. It is a unique place to go for crisp, sound information on terms from the world of wine.Dr. Edgar Müller
Dozent, Önologe und Weinbauberater, Bad Kreuznach