The famous winery with its headquarters in Cuneo (near Barbaresco) in the Italian region of Piedmont was founded in 1859 by Angelo Gaja. The company was one of the first bottlers in the region; the grandfather of the current owner supplied the Italian army in Abyssinia with bottled wine as early as the end of the 19th century. His son Giovanni Gaja (1908-2002) expanded the property in the 1950s and 1960s and converted from mixed to monoculture. Angelo Gaja (*1940) continued these efforts in the third generation. He graduated in viticulture in Alba and then studied economics at the University of Turin. In 1969, he took over the family business and, in collaboration with his oenologist Guido Rivella, introduced rigorous quality-enhancing yield limitation, controlled fermentation and early malolactic f ermentation. From the newly introduced Cabernet Sauvignon and Chardonnay varieties, wines were produced in barrique barrels. With the Barbaresco from the individual sites Costa Russi, Sori Tildin and Sori San Lorenzo, Gaja attracted international attention. In 1996, however, he gave up these single vineyard designations and now produces the wine under the DOC designation Langhe. Another pioneering achievement is a red wine produced under the Vinòt brand name in the style of a Beaujolais. The estate has been continuously expanded.
In 1988 the 12 hectare Marenca-Rivette winery in Serralunga was bought. Here a Barolo is produced from mainly Nebbiolo and some Barbera under the name "Sperss" (Piedmontese for "nostalgia"). In 1994 the Pieve di Santa Restituta winery in Montalcino was bought, where a Brunello di Montalcino is produced. Two years later Gaja founded the winery Ca' Marcanda in the Maremma. The two estates in Tuscany now produce 300,000 bottles per year, and the parent company 70,000 bottles per year. Today the estate covers 90 hectares in Piedmont and 114 hectares in Tuscany (16 hectares in Montalcino and 98 hectares in Maremma). Gaja is also very active in other areas, such as general importer of wine glasses from the Austrian manufacturer Riedel and top foreign wines such as Château d'Yquem. In 2005 a four-star hotel was opened opposite the winery. Two daughters Gaia and Rosanna and son Giovanni are the fifth generation of the family to work in the winery. Angelo Gaja is one of the most influential winemakers in Italy. He is already a living legend and received the affectionate honorary title "Angelo nazionale".