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Florida

The southeasternmost state of the USA with the capital Tallahassee was discovered by the Spaniards as early as 1513. Already in 1562, French Huguenots planted vineyards near Jacksonville, 20 kilometres from the Atlantic coast. They used a wild ancestor of the white variety Scuppernong, which is still planted today, which they gradually cultivated and also made wine from it. From the 1760s onwards, Italian, Greek, French and Spanish emigrants tried to plant European varieties (without much success). In this hot climate with high humidity, varieties of the American species Vitis rotundifolia (like the Scuppernong) and Vitis labrusca thrive best. Thanks to the initiative of the American viticulture pioneer Philip Wagner (1904-1996), French hybrids also reached Florida from the 1950s onwards. Cabernet Sauvignon is one of the European vines. The Orlando Seedless, named after the city, is mainly used to produce table grapes. Fruit wine is also produced in large quantities. At the moment there is no AVA. Of the eight wineries, Eden Vineyards in Alva is worth mentioning. It is the southernmost winery in the USA and also one of the southernmost in the northern hemisphere. Others are Dakotah Vineyards & Winery, Lakeridge Winery & Vineyards and Oaks Winery.

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