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Latin term (evaporation) for the evaporation of water or other liquids and transition into the gaseous state as water vapour. In the cultivation of plants, this refers to the evaporation of water from the soil. A balanced amount is important and depends on the weather or climate (sun, temperature, wind and precipitation such as rain, snow or hail, etc.), the soil and the amount of foliage and can already vary in the vineyard, and often from vineyard to vineyard. The ideal soil type is one that counteracts excessive evaporation. It is important to have a balanced relationship between water storage capacity and water drainage. Evaporation, known as transpiration, also takes place continuously through the leaves of the plants.

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