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Latin term (evaporation) for the evaporation of water or other liquids and transition to the gaseous state. In the cultivation of plants this means the evaporation of water from the soil. A balanced level is important and depends on the weather or climate (sun, temperature, wind, precipitation, etc.), the soil and the amount of foliage and can vary from vineyard to vineyard and often from vineyard to vineyard. Ideal is a soil type that counteracts too much evaporation. It is important to have a balanced relationship between water storage capacity and water withdrawal. Evaporation, known as transpiration, also takes place continuously via the leaves.

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