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The "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland", or "United Kingdom" for short, with its capital in London, is the largest European island state at 243,610 km². It consists of the four parts of England (130,395 km²), Wales (20,735 km²), Scotland (77,910 km²) and Northern Ireland (13,843 km²). Colloquially, it is often referred to as the UK or Britain and in German as Great Britain (see the history there). The often used term England for the entire kingdom is incorrect.

England - Landkarte, Flagge und Wappen


Viticulture in Britain was introduced by the Romans. The conquest of the island was set in motion in 43 AD under the Emperor Claudius (10 BC to 54 AD). It was largely inhabited by Celtic-speaking tribes who maintained close links with Gaul. Parts of the island remained under Roman rule until around 440 AD. Winegrowing is mentioned in a document from 731. In 1152, the future King Henry II (1133-1189) came into possession of Gascony and large parts of western France, including Bordeaux (which reverted to France in 1453), through his marriage to Eleonora of Aquitaine (1122-1204).

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Sigi Hiss

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Sigi Hiss
freier Autor und Weinberater (Fine, Vinum u.a.), Bad Krozingen

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,403 Keywords · 47,036 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,737 Pronunciations · 205,264 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon