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Capital of the Austrian province of Burgenland or the wine-growing region of the same name, which includes the municipalities of St. Georgen in the east (the Grinzing of Eisenstadt) and Kleinhöflein in the west. The town lies on the southern slope of the Leitha Mountains. It was first mentioned in a document in 1264. In 1648 Eisenstadt was raised to the status of a free city and paid for it with 16,000 florins and 3,000 buckets of wine worth 9,000 florins. In 1622 the princely family of Esterházy was granted the title to Eisenstadt by Emperor Ferdinand II. (1578-1637) pledged the dominions of Eisenstadt and Forchtenstein. The famous composer Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) entered the service of the Esterházys in 1761. At that time wine from Eisenstadt was exported as far as Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia and Poland. The "Fürstlich Esterházy'sche Schlossweingut" is still the largest Burgenland winery today. Eisenstadt is home to the central testing centre for the issuing of the state testing number.

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