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The red grape variety comes from Italy. Synonyms are Bonvino Nero, Cesanese Comune, Cesanese di Affile, Cesanese Nostrano, Nero Ferrigno, Sanguinella and Uva di Affile. According to an unverifiable hypothesis it is said to descend from the ancient variety Alveola. The variety was mentioned by the Italian agronomist Giovanni Soderini (1526-1596) under the name of Cesenese, which was cultivated around Florence in Tuscany and in Lazio around Acerbi. The name is probably derived from the municipality of Cesano south of Rome. There are the two varieties Cesanese Comune (Bonvino Nero) and the smaller berry Cesanese di Affile, which is considered to be of higher quality. Both names are explicitly mentioned in some DOC/DOC regulations. The late-maturing, high-yielding vine is susceptible to powdery mildew. It produces fruity red wines with velvety tannins and aromas of mulberries and pimento (clove pepper)

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