French term (white from black) for a wine made from dark(blue to black) red grapes in a similar way to a white wine. This is obligatory for champagne in order to be able to produce a white wine from the red wine grapes Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier (there is no red champagne). If the result is not completely white, this is called taché. In order to be able to make a light wine from dark grapes, a gentle pressing is necessary so that not too many colourings from the skins get into the must. The must is separated from the skins as quickly as possible and only then is the fermentation completed.
For a so-called white vinification, only those red wine varieties are suitable which give off a white grape must when pressed. These can also be those that have a red pulp but a light berry juice. These are for example Pinot Noir (Pinot Noir), Pinot Meunier (Black Riesling) and Blauer Portugieser. The red dye is present in the form of antocyanes, mainly in the skins of the berries, and hardly ever in the flesh. In red wine making, maceration usually takes place, where the grape must ferments together with the skins for a longer period of time, thus extracting the colorants from the skins. The "Blanc de noirs" wines produced can show a reddish shimmer and then come quite close to a rosé wine in terms of colour. In the individual wine-growing countries there are different designations for such "white or light pressed" wines. These are Blush (USA), Cerasuolo (Italy), Gleichgepresster or Weißgepresster (Austria), Süßdruck (Switzerland), Weißherbst (Germany) and Vin gris (France).
The term "Blanc de noirs" is not defined in wine law in Germany and Austria. In Germany, this can be used as a supplementary (tolerated) designation for Weißherbst. For a white wine made from white wine grapes there is the designation Blanc de blancs, which is mainly used in France. Complete lists of the numerous vinification measures or cellar techniques, as well as the various types of wine, sparkling wine and distillate regulated by wine law are included under the keyword vinification. Comprehensive information on wine law can be found under the keyword wine law.