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The white grape variety comes from the Greek island of Santorini. Synonyms are Arcytico, Assirtico, Assyrtico, Asurtico, Asyrtico, Asyrtiko, Asyrtiko and Atzala. The ancestry (parentage) is unknown. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2011, there is a parent-offspring relationship with the two varieties Gaidouria and Platani. It is believed that the variety (among many others) was used for the production of the famous Malvasia wines, which were shipped or exported from the Greek port of Monemvasia as early as the 13th century. According to one hypothesis, the name indicates its origin in Assyria (counted as part of Mesopotamia in ancient times), from where it is said to have come to Greece via Spain. However, according to analyses, there are no genetic links with varieties from Spain or the Middle East. The late-maturing, high-yielding vine is resistant to both powdery mildew and drought. It yields pale yellow whites full of character, with high acidity and alcohol content, and storage potential that tends to oxidise.

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