Term (also whiskey) for a spirit obtained from fermented grain mash and matured in wooden barrels. The country of origin is Scotland or Ireland. The name, first mentioned in 1736, is derived from the Scottish Gaelic "uisge beatha", or from the Irish "uisce beatha", meaning "water of life". Whisky is made from different types of grain such as barley (is always included), rye, corn or wheat through fermentation and distillation. There are many types made from different grains/blends and different production processes. A bourbon, for example, is made from at least 51% corn, with almost all the major bourbon distilleries located in Kentucky or Tennessee. What they all have in common is years of ageing in wooden barrels, using different types and sizes of wood. US products mature almost exclusively in new, toasted barrels made of American white oak. European products with a dark colour are often matured in casks in which sherry or port wine was previously stored. Used American casks are used for light-coloured whiskies. Whisky is a popular ingredient in many cocktails, including Manhattan.
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