The red grape variety comes from Portugal. Synonyms are Black Alicante, Black Portugal, Castelão de Cova da Beira, Crato Preto, Crato Tinto, Folha de Abobora, Mortágua, Mortágua Preto, Mourteiro, Murteira, Negreda, Padeiro Bravo, Rifete, Rosete Espalhado, Tinta Amarela, Tinta Amarelha, Tinta Amarella, Tinta Carvallera, Tinta Manuola, Torneiro and Trincadeira It must not be confused with the varieties Black Alicante, Castelão Francês, Espadeiro, Preto Martinho, Rufete (Rifete), Tamarez, Trajadura or Trincadeira das Pratas, despite the fact that synonyms or morphological similarities may appear to indicate this. The parentage (parenthood) is unknown. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2007, there are genetic relationships with Ramisco and Sercial.
The high-yielding vine is susceptible to powdery mildew and botrytis, but resistant to heat and drought. It produces dark, spicy red wines with aromas of cinnamon and cloves. The variety is widespread in southern Portugal, especially in the Alentejo, Dão, Douro and Tejo areas. Under the name Tinta Amarela it is used for the port wine. In 2010, a total of 9,270 hectares were designated in Portugal with a strong upward trend (Kym Anderson). This put it in 75th place in the worldwide grape variety ranking.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)