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The red grape variety comes from Portugal. Synonyms are Espadeiro da Terra, Espadeiro Tinto, Padeiro de Basto and Padeiro Tinto. It must not be confused with Camaraou Noir, Manseng Noir (both from France), Padeiro, Trincadeira Preta or Vinhão (all five with the synonym Espadeiro), despite the fact that they seem to be synonyms or morphological similarities. The parentage (parenthood) is unknown.

The late-maturing, high-yielding variety produces light red wines or rosé wines. It is cultivated in Portugal in the areas of Beiras, Douro and Rios do Minho or Vinho Verde on 237 hectares. In Spain, a variety called Espadeiro occupies 232 hectares of vineyards. However, according to DNA analyses carried out in 2006, this variety is different from the Portuguese Espadeiro. According to the Swiss biologist José Vouillamoz, the Spanish Espadeiro is probably a confusion with the French variety Camaraou Noir (with the synonym Espadeiro). In 2010, a total of 469 hectares of vineyard area were designated (statistics Kym Anderson).

Source: Kym Anderson: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012

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